LISTS OF FOODS

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Mezonot is required for any baked goods containing flour made from any of the Five Principal Species - wheat, barley, spelt, oats, or rye.  If they are made with any other type of flour, e.g., potato starch as on Pesach, then Shehakol is required.

However, Hamotzi is required for "Mezonot Bread" or a "Mezonot Roll" except when it is baked like a cake and is not eaten as a substitute for bread.

Angel Food Cake Mezonot

Apple Cake Mezonot

Apple Strudel Mezonot
As with all cakes, the dough is considered the primary ingredient and only Mezonot is necessary (Mishnah Berurah 212:1), even if there is less dough than apple, and even if the cake is eaten mainly because of the apple.  On the other hand, if there is merely a thin strip of dough, which is intended just to help you handle all the apple, the dough becomes subordinate to the apple and only Ha-aytz need be said.

Bagel Hamotzi
  Provided the dough consisted of flour, water, and salt before baking (see Aruch Hashulchan, Orach Chaim 168:47; see also Chazon Ish, Orach Chaim 26:9, who considers bagels to be like regular bread).  However, Mezonot is required for those bagels made of dough which also contain eggs, honey, or butter (Aruch Hashulchan 168:24).

Bran Flakes Mezonot

Bread Hamotzi

Brownies Mezonot

Buckwheat (Kashe) Ha-adamah
  Buckwheat is not a kind of wheat, nor is it even one of the Five Principal Species.  It is a legume.  Therefore, neither Mezonot nor Hamotzi can be said over a product of buckwheat unless one of the Five Principal Species, such as wheat flour, even only in part, has been added to it.  Thus, if you eat buckwheat alone, only Ha-adamah is said (see Igrot Moshe, Orach Chaim 65).

Buckwheat Muffins Mezonot

Buckwheat Pancakes Mezonot

Bun    

  Bread Hamotzi

  Cake Mezonot

Butter Cookies Mezonot

Cake Mezonot

Cheese Cake Mezonot
  As with all cakes, the dough is considered the primary ingredient and only Mezonot is necessary (Mishnah Berurah 212:1), even if there is less dough than cheese, and even if the cake is eaten mainly because of the cheese.  On the other hand, if there is merely a thin strip of dough, which is intended just to help you handle all the cheese, the dough becomes subordinate to the cheese and only Shehakol need be said.

Cherry Pie or Cake Mezonot

Chocolate Cake Mezonot

Chocolate Éclair Mezonot

Chowmein Mezonot

Coffee Cake Mezonot

Cookies Mezonot

Corn Bread Hamotzi

Corn Muffin (no wheat) Shehakol

Cracked Wheat Bread Hamotzi

Crackers Mezonot

Cupcake Mezonot

Date Bread Mezonot

Devil's Food Cake Mezonot

Doughnut Mezonot

Dumpling Mezonot

Éclair Mezonot

English Muffin Hamotzi

Farfel Mezonot

Farina Mezonot

French Bread Hamotzi

French Toast Hamotzi

Fruit Cake Mezonot

Garlic Bread Hamotzi

Ginger Bread Mezonot

Graham Crackers Mezonot

Griddle Cakes Mezonot

Grits (cooked) Mezonot

Groats (see Buckwheat) Ha-adamah

Hamantaschen Mezonot

Honey Cake Mezonot

Italian Bread Hamotzi

Kashe (see Buckwheat) Ha-adamah

Kashe Varnishkes Mezonot
  Provided the ingredients include flour made of any of the Five Principal Species.

Kishke Mezonot

Kneidlach Mezonot

Knish Mezonot

Kreplach Mezonot

Kugel    

Made from chalah or lokshen Mezonot

Lokshen Mezonot

Lokshen Kugel Mezonot

Macaroni Mezonot

Macaroon Shehakol
  Unless made with flour of one of the Five Principal Species, in which case Mezonot is required.

Matza Hamotzi

Matza Ball Mezonot

Matza Brei Mezonot
  Provided that none of the pieces of matza is as large as a keza-yit (i.e., about one-third of a matza).  If even one piece is that large, then Hamotzi is required.

Melba Toast Hamotzi

Mezonot Bread or Roll Hamotzi

Mince Pie Mezonot

Muffin Mezonot

English Muffin Hamotzi

Napoleon Mezonot

Noodles Mezonot

Noodles for Pesach Shehakol
  Since they do not contain flour made from the Five Principal Species.

Noodle Pudding Mezonot

Oatmeal Mezonot

Onion Bread or Roll Hamotzi

Onion Crackers Mezonot

Pancakes Mezonot

Pastry Mezonot

Peach Pie Mezonot

Pie Mezonot

Piecrust Mezonot

Plum Pie Mezonot

Porridge Mezonot

Pound  Cake Mezonot

Pretzels Mezonot
  If three or four eggs in volume (approximately 6 oz.) are eaten, Hamotzi is required.

Puffed Wheat Ha'adamah

Pumpernickel Bread Hamotzi

Pumpkin Pie Mezonot

Raisin Bread Hamotzi

Raisin Cake Mezonot

Rice Mezonot

Rice Kugel Mezonot

Roll Hamotzi

Rye Bread Hamotzi

Sandwich (bread) Hamotzi

Spaghetti Mezonot

Sponge Cake Mezonot

Strawberry Shortcake Mezonot

Strudel Mezonot

Toast (bread) Hamotzi

Tortilla Shehakol
Since it is made of maize flour.

Waffle Mezonot

Wheat Bread Hamotzi

Wheat Cakes Mezonot

White Bread Hamotzi

Whole Wheat Bread Hamotzi

Zwieback Hamotzi

   
     

American Cheese Shehakol

Buttermilk Shehakol

Cheese Shehakol

Cheese Blintzes Mezonot

Chocolate Milk Shehakol

Cottage Cheese Shehakol

Cream Cheese Shehakol

Custard Shehakol

Farmer Cheese Shehakol

Ice Cream Shehakol
  Even if ice cream is eaten in a cone, only Shehakol is necessary, since the cone is eaten only because of the ice cream and is clearly subordinate to it.  Its purpose is actually not so much to be eaten as to hold the ice cream and to prevent the hands from becoming soiled (see Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 212b; Mishnah Berurah 212:5; Kaf Hachaim 15).  However, if you specifically use a sugar cone because you enjoy eating it, Mezonot must also be said before eating the cone.

Macaroni and Cheese Mezonot

Malted Milk Shehakol

Milk Shehakol

Milkshake Shehakol

Pizza    

If meal Hamotzi

If snack Mezonot

Shamenet Shehakol

Skim Milk Shehakol

Sour Cream or Milk Shehakol

Sweet Cream  Shehakol

Swiss Cheese Shehakol

Welsh Rarebit Shehakol

Whipped Cream Shehakol

Yogurt Shehakol

 
   
All sandwiches, such as any sliced meat on bread, or hot dogs or hamburgers on buns or rolls, require Hamotzi.


Beef Shehakol

Beef Stew Shehakol

Bologna Shehakol

Carp Shehakol

Chicken Shehakol

Chicken Fricasee Shehakol

Chicken Salad Shehakol

Chili Con Carne Shehakol

Chopped Liver Shehakol

Corned Beef Shehakol

Derma (Stuffed Kishke) Mezonot
Since the ingredients include flour made from one or more of the Five Principal Species.

Duck Shehakol

Egg Shehakol

Egg Salad Shehakol

Fish  Shehakol

Fishcake, Fishstick Shehakol

Frankfurter (without bun) Shehakol

Gefilte Fish Shehakol
Although gefilte fish may be prepared with bread crumbs or matza flour, their purpose is just to hold the ground fish and other ingredients together.  Thus, only Shehakol need be said.  (See also Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 208b, and Mishnah Berurah 208:8).

Hamburger (without bun) Shehakol

Herring Shehakol

Knish with Meat Mezonot
Provided the ingredients include flour made with one of the Five Principal Species.

Lamb Shehakol

Lamb Chops, Stew Shehakol

Liver Shehakol

Liverwurst Shehakol

Lox Shehakol

Meat Shehakol

Meatballs Shehakol

Meatloaf Shehakol

Minced Meat Pie Shehakol
  Assuming it is not made with flour of any of the Five Principal Species.

Mushroom Omelet Shehakol

Omelet Shehakol

Pastrami Shehakol

Pickled Herring Shehakol

Pot Roast Shehakol

Roast Beef Shehakol

Salami Shehakol

Salmon Shehakol

Sardines Shehakol

Scrambled Eggs Shehakol

Smoked Herring Shehakol

Smoked Salmon Shehakol

Spanish Omelet Shehakol

Steak Shehakol

Tongue Shehakol

Tuna Fish Shehakol

Tuna Fish Salad Shehakol

Turkey Shehakol 

Veal Shehakol

Veal Cutlets Shehakol

Whitefish Shehakol

   
   
Many soups require two brachot—one for the liquid and one for the solid ingredient—since neither part of the soup may be considered subordinate to the other.  Barley soup, for example, requires Mezonot for the barley and Shehakol for the liquid. However, it is preferable, where possible, first to say Mezonot over another food requiring it, and to have the barley in mind at the same time.  Similarly, it is preferable to say Shehakol over another food requiring it, with the intention of covering also the soup liquid.  However, if this procedure would create any difficulties, and the soup is not to be eaten as part of a meal, both brachot should be said (see Igrot Moshe, Orach Chaim 69).

Ha-adamah is required for soup or water in which a vegetable such as beans, peas, beets, cabbage, etc., was cooked, even after the vegetable was removed and only its taste remains (see Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 205b and Mishnah Berurah, ibid., 9).

However, only Shehakol should be said for a soup that is so liquid that 1) any flour content is negligible, and 2) the entire soup could be drunk (Mishnah  Berurah, 208:23).


Barley Soup Mezonot +

Bean Soup Ha-adamah

Borsht (with or without potato) Ha-adamah

Bouillon Shehakol

Broth Shehakol

Cabbage Soup Ha-adamah

Chicken Soup Shehakol

  With kneidlach or noodles Mezonot +  +
    Shehakol

Consommé Shehakol

Corn Soup Ha-adamah  

Fruit Soup
  If made with fruit requiring Ha-aytz Ha-aytz

  If made with fruit requiring Ha-adamah Ha-adamah

Lentil Soup Ha-adamah

Mushroom Soup Shehakol

Mushroom and Barley Soup Mezonot

Noodle Soup Mezonot

Onion Soup Ha-adamah

Pea Soup Ha-adamah

Rice Soup Mezonot

Tomato Soup Ha-adamah

Vegetable Soup Ha-adamah

   
     
Shehakol is required whenever a food is used as a spice only (Sefer Halacha, Dinei Henehenin, 32:8).  If it is inedible, no brachah is said.
     

Arbes Ha-adamah

Artichoke Ha-adamah

Asparagus Ha-adamah

Aubergine Ha-adamah

Baked Beans Ha-adamah

Beans Ha-adamah

Beets Ha-adamah

Broccoli Ha-adamah

Brussel Sprouts Ha-adamah

Cabbage Ha-adamah

Carrots Ha-adamah

Cauliflower Ha-adamah

Celery Ha-adamah

Chick Peas Ha-adamah

Chives Shehakol

Cinnamon (See Sefer Halacha 1:29a) Ha-adamah

Cole Slaw Ha-adamah

Coriander Shehakol

Corn on the Cob Ha-adamah
Indian corn, or maize (i.e., the type that grows on the cob) is not one of the Five Principal Species.

Cucumber Ha-adamah

Cucumber Salad Ha-adamah

Dill Pickle Ha-adamah

Eggplant Ha-adamah

Escarole Ha-adamah

French Fried Potatoes Ha-adamah

Garlic Shehakol
  Unless fried in oil, butter, or margarine, in which case Ha-adamah applies (Mishnah Berurah 205:7; Igrot Moshe, Orach Chaim 64).

Gherkin Ha-adamah

Ginger, if raw or dry and candied Ha-adamah

Green Beans Ha-adamah

Green Pepper Ha-adamah

Kidney Beans Ha-adamah

Lentils (cooked) Ha-adamah

Lettuce Ha-adamah

Lima Beans Ha-adamah

Maize Ha-adamah

Mashed Potatoes Ha-adamah

Mushroom Shehakol 

Mustard Shehakol

Nahit (chick peas) Ha-adamah

Nutmeg (ripe) Ha-aytz

Olive Ha-aytz

Onion, only if fried Ha-adamah


Parsley Shehakol

Parsnip Ha-adamah

Peas Ha-adamah

Pickles Ha-adamah

Potato Ha-adamah

Potato Blintzes Mezonot
Provided the ingredients include flour made with one or more of the Five Principal Species.

Potato Chips (if made from potato slices) Ha-adamah

Potatoes, Instant Shehakol

Potato Knish Mezonot
Provided the ingredients include flour made with one or more of the Five Principal Species.

Potato Kugel Shehakol
Because the shape as well as the usual color of the potato has been changed.

Potato Latkes  

  made from potato flour Shehakol

  made from real potatoes Ha-adamah
  If a substantial amount of flour of the Five Principal Species is used, Mezonot is required.

Potatoes, Mashed Ha-adamah

Potato Salad Ha-adamah

Radish Ha-adamah

Salad, Vegetable Ha-adamah

Schav Ha-adamah

Soya Beans Ha-adamah

Spinach Ha-adamah

Sprouts Ha-adamah

Squash Ha-adamah

String Beans Ha-adamah

Stuffed Peppers  

  With meat as main ingredient Ha-adamah

  With rice or dough Mezonot

Sweet Potato Ha-adamah

Tomato Ha-adamah

Turnip Ha-adamah

Tzibeles (fried onions) Ha-adamah

Tzimmes Ha-adamah

Yam Ha-adamah

   
     

Almond Ha-aytz

Apple Ha-aytz

Apricot Ha-aytz

Avocado Ha-aytz

Banana Ha-adamah

Blackberry Ha-aytz
  (See Igrot Moshe, Orach Chaim 85).

Blueberry Ha-aytz

Cantaloupe Ha-adamah

Cashew Ha-aytz

Cherry Ha-aytz

Chestnut Ha-aytz

Clementine Ha-aytz

Coconut Ha-aytz

Cranberry Ha-adamah

Currant Ha-aytz

Date Ha-aytz

Etrog Ha-aytz
If prepared in a tasty manner, since otherwise it is not good for consumption (see rule 2).

Fig   Ha-aytz

Gooseberry Ha-aytz

Grape Ha-aytz

Grapefruit Ha-aytz

Guava Ha-aytz

Hazel Nut Ha-aytz

Honeydew Melon Ha-adamah

Kiwi Ha-aytz

Mango Ha-aytz

Melon Ha-adamah

Nectarine Ha-aytz

Orange Ha-aytz

Orange Peel (even if candied) Shehakol
  (See Chazon Ish, Orach Chaim 33b)

Papaya Ha-aytz

Peach Ha-aytz

Peanut Ha-adamah

Pear Ha-aytz

Pecan Ha-aytz

Peel (of Fruits) Shehakol

Persimmon Ha-aytz

Pineapple Ha-adamah

Pistachio Ha-aytz

Plum Ha-aytz

Pomegranate Ha-aytz

Prune Ha-aytz

Pumpkin Seed Ha-adamah

Quince Ha-aytz

Raisin Ha-aytz

Raspberry Ha-aytz

Rhubarb Ha-adamah

Strawberry (both wild and cultivated) Ha-adamah
  (See Igrot Moshe, Orach Chaim 86).

Tangerine Ha-aytz

Walnut Ha-aytz

Watermelon Ha-adamah

      
     

Alcoholic Beverages (except grape wine) Shehakol

Ale Shehakol

Apple Juice/Cider Shehakol

Beer Shehakol

Blackberry Brandy Shehakol

Bourbon Shehakol

Brandy Shehakol

Buttermilk Shehakol

Carbonated Soda Shehakol

Carbonated Water Shehakol

Champagne Hagafen

Chocolate Milk Shehakol

Cider Shehakol

Cocktail Shehakol

Cocoa Shehakol

Coffee Shehakol

Cola Shehakol

Cranberry Juice Shehakol

Ginger Ale Shehakol

Grape Juice Hagafen

Grape Wine Hagafen

Grapefruit Juice Shehakol

Hot Chocolate Shehakol

Iced Coffee Shehakol

Iced Milk Shehakol

Iced Tea Shehakol

Lemonade Shehakol

Lime Juice Shehakol

Limeade Shehakol

Liqueur Shehakol

Milk Shehakol

Orange Juice Shehakol

Pineapple Juice Shehakol

Prune Juice Shehakol
  Because it is processed by heating (see Taz 202:8,9; Chayei Adam 52:1).

Raisin Wine Hagafen
Homemade raisin wine, in which the raisins exceed one-sixth of the water, and in which the raisins were soaked for 72 hours and were then removed, requires Hagafen (see Sefer Halacha 1:23, 11).

Root Beer Shehakol

Scotch Shehakol

Seltzer Shehakol

Soda (all flavors) Shehakol

Soda Water Shehakol

Tea Shehakol

Tomato Juice    Shehakol  

Water Shehakol

Whiskey Shehakol

Wine (grape) Ha-gafen

   
     

Apple Sauce Shehakol
  Shehakol is to be said because both the shape of the fruit as well as the color of the apple (by the addition of sugar) have been changed.  This applies mostly to commercially available canned or bottled apple sauce.  However, Ha-aytz applies for homemade apple sauce in which the color of the apple has not been changed (decision of Hagaon Rav Moshe Feinstein).

Baked Apple Ha-aytz

Banana Split    

  For the banana Ha-adamah

  For the ice cream Shehakol
  Both brachot must be said because neither part of the food is subordinate to the other.

Boston Cream Pie Mezonot

Candy (hard) Shehakol

Chocolate Shehakol

Chocolate Cream Pie Mezonot
Provided the flour is made of any of the Five Principal Species.

Chocolate Fudge Shehakol

Coconut Cream Pie Mezonot

Corn Chips Shehakol

Cotton Candy Shehakol

Custard Shehakol

Custard Pie Mezonot
Since the ingredients include flour from one or more of the Five Principal Species.

Éclair Mezonot

Gelatin-type dessert Shehakol

Gum Shehakol

Gum Drops Shehakol

Halavah Shehakol

Honey Shehakol

Ice Cream Shehakol
  Even if ice cream is eaten on a cone, only Shehakol is necessary, since the cone is eaten only because of the ice cream and is clearly subordinate to it.  Its purpose is actually not so much to be eaten as to hold the ice cream and to prevent the hands from becoming soiled (see Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 212b; Mishnah Berurah 212:5, Kaf Hachaim 15).  However, if you specifically use a sugar cone because you enjoy eating it, Mezonot must also be said before eating the cone.

Ices Shehakol

Jam Shehakol

Jelly Shehakol

Ketchup Shehakol
  Because it is processed only for spicing (see Rema 204:1; Sefer Halacha 1:32:8).

Licorice    
  Stick Shehakol
However, if flour made from any of the Five Principal Species is a substantial ingredient, 
  Mezonot is required.

  Root (natural) Ha-adamah
  If the root is sucked only, Shehakol should be said (see Chayei Adam 51:15; Mishnah Berurah 202:76).

  Extract Shehakol

Marshmallow Shehakol

Marzipan Shehakol

Milkshake Shehakol

Mints Shehakol

Napoleon Mezonot

Peanut Butter Shehakol

Peanut Butter and Jelly Sandwich Hamotzi

Pie   Mezonot

Popcorn Ha-adamah
  See Rav Moshe Feinstein, Sefer Torah V'hora'ah 12:13.

Potato chips Ha-adamah

Pudding Shehakol

Rice Pudding Mezonot

Rock Candy Shehakol

Sherbet Shehakol

Stewed Prunes Ha-aytz

Strawberry Shortcake Mezonot

Strudel Mezonot

Sugar Shehakol

Sugar Coated Almond Ha-aytz
Since the sugar coating is subordinate to the almond, even if the amount of sugar is greater than the volume of the almond (Eliyahu Raba 204:17; P’ri Megadim).

Sundae Shehakol
  The brachah for any fruit or nuts on top of the sundae—Ha-aytz or Ha-adamah-- should be said first

Syrup Shehakol